New Jersey - USA
New Jersey is a state
in the Mid-Atlantic
regions of the United
States. It is the fourth smallest, the tenth most populous, and the
most densely populated state in the US. The state is named after the
British island of Jersey
in the English
Channel. It is bordered on the north by New
York, on the east by the Atlantic
Ocean, on the southwest by Delaware,
and on the west by Pennsylvania.
Parts of New Jersey lie within the metropolitan
areas of New
and the Delaware
Inhabited by Native
Americans for more than 11,000 years, the area was settled by the Swedes
The British later seized control of the region, which was granted to Sir
Carteret and John
Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton as the colony of New
Jersey. New Jersey was an important site during the American
Revolutionary War; several decisive battles were fought there.
Later, working-class cities such as Paterson
helped to drive the Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth century. New
Jersey's position at the center of the BosWash
York City, Philadelphia,
D.C., fueled its rapid growth through the suburban
boom of the 1950s and beyond.
History of New Jersey
New Jersey's early colonial history was involved with that of New
Netherlands), of which it was a part. One year after the Dutch
surrender to England in 1664, New Jersey was organized as an English
colony under Gov.
In 1676 the colony was divided between Carteret and a company of English
Quakers who had obtained the rights belonging to John,
Lord Berkeley. New Jersey became a united crown colony in 1702,
administered by the royal governor of New York. Finally, in 1738, New
Jersey was separated from New York under its own royal governor, Lewis
Morris. Because of its key location between New York City and
Philadelphia, New Jersey saw much fighting during the American
Today, New Jersey, an area of wide industrial diversification, is
known as the Crossroads of the East. Products from over 15,000 factories
can be delivered overnight to almost 60 million people, representing 12
states and the District of Columbia. The greatest single industry is
chemicals; New Jersey is one of the foremost research centers in the
world. Many large oil refineries are located in northern New Jersey.
Other important manufactured items are pharmaceuticals, instruments,
machinery, electrical goods, and apparel.
Productive farmland covers nearly one million acres, about 20% of New
Jersey's land area. The state ranks high in the production of almost all
garden vegetables, as well as cranberries, blueberries, and peaches.
Poultry, dairy products, and seafood are also top commodities.
Tourism is the second-largest industry in New Jersey. The state has
numerous resort areas on 127 mi of Atlantic coastline. In 1977, New
Jersey voters approved legislation allowing legalized casino gambling in
Points of interest include the Delaware
Water Gap, the Edison
National Historic Site in West Orange, Princeton
University, Liberty State Park, Jersey City, and the N.J. State
Aquarium in Camden.
Senator Jon S. Corzine won the Nov. 2005 gubernatorial contest.
The state coat of arms is emblazoned in the center. The shield has
three plows with a horse's head above it. Two women represent the
goddesses of Liberty and Agriculture. A ribbon at the bottom includes
the year of independence in 1776 and reads: Liberty and Prosperity. The
New Jersey state flag was formally adopted in 1896.
Links: State of New Jersey